Burns can cause spots or marks on the skin, especially when it affects many layers of the skin and when the healing process is affected by lack of care.
Thus, if some skincare is followed, such as using sunscreen, moisturizers and avoiding too much heat, it is possible to avoid the appearance of marks and scars caused by various types of burns, whether by fire, a hot liquid, exposure to the sun or substances like lemon or garlic, for example.
Some recommended tips are:
1. Wash burn with cold water
It is recommended that, immediately after the burn, place the wound in running, cold water for a few minutes. This procedure causes the temperature of the skin to drop more quickly, which prevents the burn from increasing and reaching deeper layers of the skin.
If there was sunburn, it is advisable to take a cold shower, as it relieves discomfort and prevents the skin from drying out further.
2. Avoid hot locations and light sources
Staying in very hot places or sources of heat, such as getting into hot cars exposed to the sun, taking a sauna, going to the beach or cooking in the oven, for example, should be avoided, as they emit a type of infrared radiation, which is capable of staining the skin and impair its recovery.
In addition, it is also important to avoid sources of ultraviolet rays, such as sun exposure, fluorescent lights or computer lights because this radiation is also capable of causing a dark spot at the burn site.
3. Apply sunscreen over a burn every 2 hours
It is important to keep the affected skin protected from the sun’s radiation with the use of sunscreen daily. In addition, it is recommended that the protector be touched up every 2 hours, whenever the region is exposed to the sun, for at least 6 months.
4. Dress the wound
If the burn has caused blisters or wounds, it is recommended to make a dressing with gauze or other sterile material, changing it with each bath, until the skin has already healed enough to cover the region. This causes the pain to be calmed and facilitates the reconstruction of the skin.
In addition, it is very important not to remove the bubbles or crusts that form, protecting the skin that is regenerating, preventing infection, and the formation of spots and scars. Check out how to correctly make a dressing for each type of burn.
6. Apply moisturizers
Hydration of the skin, with specific creams, is important for the skin to have nutrients for a good recovery. Therefore, it is recommended to use a moisturizer based on urea, hyaluronic acid, vitamin C or grape seed oils or almonds. due to its strong moisturizing principles, always after bathing.
Another option is to use baby rinse creams, such as Bepantol or Hipoglós, for example, as it contains vitamins and moisturizing properties. Learn more options on how to treat sunburn.
7. Do a cosmetic treatment
When the stain or scar is already formed, in addition to taking care to prevent it from getting worse, it may be recommended to have an aesthetic treatment with a dermatologist to remove these marks, such as:
- Use of clearing creams, such as Hydroquinone;
- Acid peeling, laser or pulsed light treatments;
These treatments must be carried out after the dermatologist’s guidance, who will assess the skin conditions and the needs of each person. Learn more about the recommended treatments on how to remove dark spots from your skin.