Some tips to help control diabetes, keeping the values below 130 mg / dl on an empty stomach and below 180 mg / dl after meals, can be:
- Record blood sugar values before and after each meal;
- Eat a small amount of sweets and always after a meal, taking a walk afterwards;
- Do not eat fruit alone, but accompanied with another food, such as yogurt;
- Take walks after meals;
- Do not go more than 3 hours without eating.
These tips are simple ways to control type 1, type 2 diabetes and even gestational diabetes, preventing sugar from falling too low causing hypoglycemia or increasing too much causing hyperglycemia.
How to control or diabetes
Generally, until blood sugar levels are regularized, it is necessary to check the fasting blood sugar before and after each meal. When the values are regularized, the doctor, according to the medication, indicates how many times it is necessary to check the blood sugar values, and it may be necessary to do it only in the morning or in the morning and in the afternoon, for example.
In order to know the blood sugar value it is necessary to have a blood test that can be done at home with a device called a glucometer, which is very important for maintaining the health of the diabetic.
In order to control blood sugar values, the diabetic patient, in addition to eating low sugar as the nutritionist advises and taking the medication or insulin according to a doctor’s prescription, must also practice some physical activity, such as walking or swimming, for example. example.
To learn more about what to eat in diabetes see: What to eat in Diabetes .
How to control hypoglycemia
To control the hypoglycemia that appears when blood sugar drops excessively, falling below 70 mg / dl, it is necessary to give the patient water with sugar or a glass of orange juice, for example. These foods will make the sugar go up and the individual will feel better.
To learn more about what to do to control hypoglycemia see: Hypoglycemia, what to do?
How to control hyperglycemia
To control hyperglycemia, which is excess sugar in the blood, it is necessary to give the patient the medicine indicated by the doctor to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood and prevent the blood sugar from rising again by decreasing or eliminating sweets, such as cakes, soft drinks, puddings or ice cream in the food and practice physical activity, such as walking after meals.
After menopause, it is more difficult to control blood sugar and diabetes increases. See 5 tips to control diabetes at this stage of life .