Deep vein thrombosis occurs when clots form that end up clogging some leg vein and, therefore, it is more common in people who smoke, take the birth control pill or are overweight.
However, thrombosis can be prevented by simple measures, such as avoiding sitting for a long time, drinking water during the day and wearing comfortable clothes. In addition, it is important to perform physical activity at least twice a week, as well as having a balanced diet, rich in vegetables and vegetables, and avoiding smoking or drinking alcohol in excess.
It is important to inform the general practitioner of previous cases of deep vein thrombosis or family history of the disease, as it may be recommended to use compression stockings, especially during long trips or on jobs that require standing for a long time.
The 5 essential tips to prevent the appearance of a deep vein thrombosis are:
1. Avoid sitting too long
To avoid deep vein thrombosis, one of the simplest and most important tips is to avoid sitting too long, as this hinders blood circulation and facilitates the formation of clots, which can end up clogging one of the leg veins.
Ideally, people who need to sit for a long time, take regular breaks to get up and move their bodies, doing a short walk or stretching, for example.
2. Move your legs every 30 minutes
If it is not possible to get up to stretch and walk on a regular basis, it is recommended that every 30 minutes the legs and feet are moved or massaged so that the circulation is activated and the formation of clots is avoided.
A good tip for activating the circulation of your legs while sitting is to rotate your ankles or stretch your legs for 30 seconds, for example.
3. Avoid crossing your legs
The act of crossing the legs can directly interfere with the venous return, that is, the return of blood to the heart. Therefore, it is recommended that people who are at risk of clot formation avoid crossing the feathers regularly, because this way blood circulation is facilitated.
In addition to avoid crossing your legs, women should also avoid walking in high shoes every day, as this can also favor the formation of clots.
4. Wear comfortable clothing
The use of tight pants and shoes can also interfere with circulation and favor the formation of clots. For this reason, it is recommended that comfortable and loosely fitting pants and shoes are worn.
In some cases, the use of elastic stockings may be recommended, as they aim to compress the leg and stimulate circulation, and should be used as directed by a doctor, nurse or physiotherapist.
5. Drink water during the day
The consumption of at least 2 liters of water per day is essential, because in addition to being essential for the proper functioning of the body, water makes the blood more fluid, facilitating circulation and preventing the formation of clots.
In addition to fluid consumption throughout the day, it is important to pay attention to food, giving preference to foods that are able to stimulate blood circulation, reduce swelling in the legs and prevent the formation of thrombi, such as salmon, sardines , orange and tomato, for example.