Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums, the main symptoms of which are swelling and redness of the gums, as well as bleeding and pain when chewing or brushing your teeth, for example.
This problem is caused, in most cases, by poor oral hygiene but it can also be caused by hormonal changes, such as those that occur in pregnancy.
To prevent gingivitis or to worsen it and even cause tooth loss, there are 7 essential tips:
1. Brush your teeth properly
This is probably the most important tip, as it is the most effective way to prevent the accumulation of bacteria that cause damage to the gums. Sometimes, it is possible to have gingivitis even with daily brushing of your teeth and this means that the brushing is not being done correctly. See how is the correct technique for brushing your teeth .
It is usually recommended to do oral hygiene 2 to 3 times a day, especially when waking up and at bedtime, but some people may also prefer to do it between meals.
2. Use an electric brush
Whenever possible, it is recommended to use an electric brush to clean the mouth, instead of the ordinary hand brush.
This is because the electric brushes make rotating movements that allow you to reach the most difficult spaces more easily, allowing to eliminate up to 90% of bacteria, unlike the 48% of manual brushes.
3. Floss daily
Using dental floss after brushing is another way to ensure that tartar and food remains, which are between the teeth, are completely eliminated, preventing the accumulation of bacteria that lead to the appearance of gingivitis.
Although flossing is painstaking work and can take some time, it does not need to be done every time you brush your teeth, it is recommended to floss only once a day. So, a good tip is to choose the time of day when you have the most time available, like before bed
4. Have a brush or toothpaste in your bag
This tip is very important for those who have not had time to brush their teeth before leaving home or like to brush their teeth between meals, as it allows you to wash your teeth in some bathroom, such as at work, for example.
Another option is to keep a toothbrush and toothpaste at work or in the car, so that it is available whenever there is time to do oral hygiene. However, it is worth remembering that more than 3 brushings per day can damage tooth enamel.
5. Consume foods with vitamin C
Vitamin C, present in foods such as orange, strawberry, acerola or broccoli, is one of the most important components of food for maintaining a healthy mouth. This vitamin is a powerful antioxidant that helps to strengthen the immune system, helping to fight bacteria that develop in the mouth.
Check out a more complete list of foods with vitamin C .
6. Abandon addictions
Some addictions, such as the regular intake of alcoholic beverages, the use of cigarettes or the excessive consumption of processed or sugary foods, for example, are factors that contribute to the onset of oral diseases. Thus, they should be avoided or, at least, decreased throughout the day.
7. Do professional cleaning every 6 months
Although brushing your teeth at home is one of the simplest ways to keep your mouth clean and free of bacteria, it is a technique that cannot completely eliminate all plaque.
Therefore, every 6 months or at least once a year, it is advisable to go to the dentist and do a professional cleaning, which allows you to eliminate all the tartar and bacteria that are resisting inside the mouth.