How to know if you are allergic to animals and what to do

Some people have allergies to domestic animals, such as dogs, rabbits or cats, which cause symptoms such as constant sneezing, dry cough or itchy nose, eyes and skin, whenever they come in contact with them or their objects. The allergy happens because the animals eliminate hair, peeling skin and residues that we cannot see with the naked eye, but that we inhale during breathing.

When there is allergy to animals, it may be necessary to make a treatment with the use of antihistamines indicated by the doctor, but the best way to avoid crises is to avoid contact with animals or to have them inside the house, since there is no cure for this allergy.

In addition, allergy sufferers who wish to have a pet may choose to have species that cause less allergies, such as fish or turtles, as well as giving preference to dog breeds that tend to cause less reactions, such as a hairless American terrier, Yorkshire terrier or Portuguese water dog.

Signs that may indicate an allergy to animals

Contact with animals, such as a dog or cat, for example, that cause allergies can cause symptoms such as:

  • Difficulty breathing, with shortness of breath and noise;
  • Strong, dry and constant cough;
  • Dry and itchy throat;
  • Dripping and itching nose;
  • Red and watery eyes;
  • Pellets on the skin and intense itching on the hands with rough skin;
  • Constant sneezing;
  • Asthma crisis with severe difficulty in breathing in prone people. Know what to do during an asthma attack.

These symptoms correspond to a respiratory and contact allergy and should be treated as such.

Treatment for allergic crisis

Treatment for allergies to dog hair should be done according to the guidance of the otorhinologist or dermatologist, usually with the use of antihistamine remedies, such as Loratadine, Cetirizine or Hydroxyzine, for example, or inhaled corticosteroids, such as Budesonide spray.

In addition, asthmatic people can be severely affected due to contact with these animals, as they may experience more frequent attacks and require the use of an asthma inhaler.

However, the main way to treat and avoid allergy to pets is to avoid living at home. Thus, when choosing to have animals, it is indicated to prefer to keep them in the external environment or, when it is not possible, one should choose animals that cause fewer allergies, such as fish, reptiles or guinea pigs without hair. 

In cases where the person really wants to have a dog, an alternative is to opt for less allergic breeds.

Dog breeds that do not cause allergy

 Some breeds of dogs suitable for allergy sufferers include:

  1. Bedlington terrier;
  2. Bichon Frize;
  3. Portuguese water dog;
  4. Chinese crested;
  5. Kerry blue terrier;
  6. Maltese;
  7. Schnauzer;
  8. Soft Coated Wheaten terrier,
  9. Irish Water Spaniel and the
  10. Mexican peeled.

Puppies of these breeds are the most suitable for allergic people, as it is proven that the flaking of the skin of these animals is not able to provoke an allergic reaction so easily.

Cat breeds that do not cause allergy 

The breeds of cats that do not cause allergy are:

  1. Oriental short hair;
  2. Balinese;
  3. Javanese;
  4. Cornish rex;
  5. Devon rex;
  6. Siberian. 

Usually cats that do not cause allergy have short hair, are bald or when they have a lot of hair have a lower amount of enzyme in their saliva, which is usually the cause of allergic attacks. 

Also know other  diseases that animals usually cause in people.

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