What is Angioma and Main Types

An angioma is a benign tumor caused by an abnormal accumulation of blood vessels in the skin, most frequently on the face and neck, or in organs such as the liver and brain, for example. Angioma on the skin may appear as a red or purple sign or as a bump, usually red, and is very common in the baby.

Although the cause of the onset of angioma is still unknown, it is usually curable, and treatment can be performed with laser, administration of corticosteroids or surgery.

However, if the angioma is located in the brain or spinal cord, for example, it may not be possible to remove it through surgery, and compression of these structures may occur and, consequently, cause problems with vision, balance or numbness in the arms. or legs and in more severe cases, lead to death.

Angioma na pele

The different types of angioma on the skin are:

1. Angioma Plano

Also known as Port wine stain, flat angioma is characterized by a smooth, pink or red stain, being more common on the face.

Usually, it is already present at birth, and may also appear months later, and tends to disappear after the first year of life.

2. Strawberry or tuberous angioma

Characterized by a protrusion, usually red, formed by the accumulation of blood vessels, being more frequent in the head, neck or trunk.

It is usually present at birth, but it can appear later, growing during the first year of life and slowly regressing until it disappears;

3. Stellar Angioma

Characterized by a central point, rounded and red, which radiates capillary vessels in various directions, similar to a spider, and is therefore called a vascular spider. Its appearance is related to the hormone estrogen.

4. Angioma Rubi

Rubi angioma is characterized by the appearance of red pellets on the skin, which appear in adulthood and may increase in size and quantity with aging. Learn more about ruby angioma.

Angioma cerebral

  • Cavernous angioma: it  is an angioma that is located in the brain, spinal cord or spine and, rarely, in other regions of the body, and can generate symptoms, such as epileptic seizures, headache and bleeding. It is usually congenital, already present at birth, but in some cases, it may appear later. This type of angioma can be diagnosed using magnetic resonance imaging and treatment is done through surgery. Learn more about cavernous angioma ;
  • Venous Angioma:  This angioma is characterized by a congenital malformation of some veins of the brain, which are more dilated than normal. Usually, it is only removed by surgery if it is associated with another brain injury or if the individual has symptoms such as seizures, for example.

Angioma in the liver

This type of angioma forms on the surface of the liver, and is characterized by a small lump formed by a tangle of blood vessels, which is usually asymptomatic and benign, not progressing to cancer. The causes of hemangioma in the liver are not known, but it is known that it is more common in women aged between 30 and 50 years who have been pregnant or who are undergoing hormone replacement.

In most cases, the hemangioma does not require treatment, as it disappears on its own, without presenting risks to the patient’s health. However, in some cases, it may grow or present a risk of bleeding, and it may be necessary to resort to surgery.

Learn more about angioma in the liver .

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