Enamel allergy is usually caused by chemicals contained in enamel, such as toluene or formaldehyde for example, and although there is no cure, it can be controlled using antiallergic enamels or nail adhesives, for example.
This type of allergy is known as contact dermatitis, affects many women and is an exaggerated response of the immune system to chemicals present in the enamel, which can cause symptoms such as chipped and fragile nails or itching and redness on the skin of the fingers, eyes, face or neck.
How to identify enamel allergy
To identify enamel allergy, it is important to be aware of the appearance of symptoms that indicate the presence of an allergy, such as:
- Fragile nails, which easily chip and break;
- Reddish skin with bubbles around the nails, eyes, face or neck;
- Itching and pain in the skin of the fingers, eyes, face or neck;
- Water bubbles on the fingers;
- Dry and scaly skin on fingers, eyes, face or neck;
Chipped and brittle nails Peeling of the skin around the nails
Enamel allergy not only causes nail symptoms, it can also cause allergy symptoms in other parts of the body, such as eyes, face or neck, for example, which are in frequent contact with nail polish. See how you can make a home remedy to relieve allergy symptoms at Home remedy for skin allergy .
In case of allergy to enamel, not all symptoms need to be present, so if you find that your nails are weak or brittle for no apparent reason, or if you feel red or itchy skin, you should see your dermatologist as soon as possible.
However, weak and brittle nails are not always synonymous with enamel allergy, and may be associated with other factors such as use of gel nails, gelinho or due to diseases such as anemia. If your nails are weak and brittle, a home remedy made with jojoba oil and sweet almond oil can be a good natural option to strengthen your nails.
Diagnosis and treatment of enamel allergy
The diagnosis of enamel allergy can be made through an allergy test, requested by the dermatologist, which consists of applying various substances known to cause allergies in different regions of the skin, allowing them to act for about 24 to 48 hours. After the indicated time, the doctor will then check if the test was positive or negative, noting if there was redness, blisters or itching of the skin.
If the allergy test is positive, that is, if the doctor observes any symptom, he may then start treatment with antiallergic remedies, such as Loratadine or Allegra for example, or with corticosteroids such as Betamethasone, which are used to relieve the symptoms of the allergy. These remedies can be used in oral form in tablets, or in the form of ointment to apply directly to the skin.
What to do if you are allergic to nail polish
Since there is no cure for enamel allergy, there is only the option of using antiallergic remedies that reduce symptoms, there are some tips and alternatives that can help prevent allergy such as:
- Change enamel brands, as it may happen to be allergic to certain components of specific enamel brands;
- Use hypoallergenic nail polish remover, never acetone, as it can aggravate allergy reactions on the skin, and can even be irritating to the skin;
- Use enamels without Toluene or Formaldehyde, as they are the main chemicals that cause enamel allergy;
- Use hypoallergenic or antiallergic enamels, made without substances that can cause allergic reactions;
- Use nail stickers to decorate nails, as opposed to nail polish;
In case of enamel allergy, the ideal is to stop painting your nails, however, although this is the best option, it is not more pleasant, and should only be considered when there are no other alternatives to control the allergy, or when this is recommended by the doctor.
How to make homemade antiallergic nail polish
Another good option for those who are allergic to enamel is to make antiallergic nail polishes of their favorite colors at home, which can be done as follows:
- Ingredients: 1 white or colorless antiallergic enamel + 1 antiallergic powder eye shadow of the desired color + banana oil;
- Preparation: scrape the desired shade, using a toothpick, on a paper, and making a small filter with the paper, put the powder inside the enamel bottle. Add 2 or 3 drops of banana oil, cover the glaze and mix well.
Antiallergic homemade nail polish
This homemade nail polish should be used like a regular nail polish, and can be prepared directly into the white or transparent enamel bottle, or it can be prepared in a separate container, just in sufficient quantity to use once. In addition, for its preparation, both an anti-allergic eye shadow and an anti-allergic blush can be used, and if necessary, a small well-washed pebble can be added to the enamel bottle, which will facilitate the mixing of the powder with the enamel.