What to eat in kidney failure

In the renal failure diet, it is necessary to control the amount of salt, phosphorus, potassium, protein, in addition to the amount of salt, water and sugar. Therefore, consumption of processed foods must be reduced; prefer fruit cooked twice without reusing water, and consume protein only at lunch and dinner.

Here are some options on how you can eat for 3 days, based on that diet on other days, but a nutritionist may recommend a diet specially developed for each case, if you are not comfortable deciding what to eat.

Kidney failure menu

By following this diet, it will be possible to improve the patient’s quality of life and slow the progression of renal failure. So here is an example of a 3-day menu:

Day 1

Breakfast 1 small cup of coffee or tea (60 ml)
1 slice of plain corn cake (70g)
7 units of grapes
Morning snack 1 slice of roasted pineapple with cinnamon and cloves (70g)
Lunch 1 grilled steak (60 g)
2 bouquets of cooked cauliflower
2 tablespoons of rice with saffron 
1 canned peach unit
Snack 1 tapioca (60g)
1 teaspoon unsweetened apple jam
Dinner 1 spaghetti shell with chopped garlic
1 roasted chicken leg (90 g)
Lettuce salad seasoned with apple cider vinegar
Supper 2 toast with 1 teaspoon of butter (5 g)
1 small cup of chamomile tea (60ml)

Day 2

Breakfast 1 small cup of coffee or tea (60 ml) 
1 tapioca (60g) with 1 teaspoon of butter (5g)
1 cooked pear
Morning snack 5 starch biscuits
Lunch 2 tablespoons of shredded cooked chicken – use herbal salt to season
3 tablespoons of cooked polenta
cucumber salad (½ unit) seasoned with apple cider vinegar
Snack 5 sweet potato sticks
Dinner Omelet with onion and oregano (use 1 egg only)
1 plain bread to accompany
1 roasted banana with cinnamon
Supper 1/2 cup of milk (complete with filtered water)
4 Maisena biscuit

Day 3

Breakfast 1 small cup of coffee or tea (60 ml)
2 rice crackers
1 slice of white cheese (30g)
3 strawberries
Morning snack 1 cup unsalted popcorn with herbs
Lunch 2 pancakes stuffed with ground meat (meat: 60 g)
1 spoon (soup) of cooked cabbage
1 spoon (soup) of white rice
1 thin slice (20g) of guava (if you are diabetic, choose the diet version)
Snack 5 butter cookies
Dinner 1 piece of cooked fish (60 g)
2 spoons (soup) of cooked carrot with rosemary
2 spoons (soup) of white rice
Supper 1 baked apple with cinnamon

5 healthy snacks for kidney patients

1. Tapioca with apple jam 

How to make unsweetened apple jam

Ingredients:

  • 2 kg of red and ripe apples
  • Juice of 2 lemons
  • Cinnamon sticks
  • 1 large glass of water (300 ml)

Preparation method:

Wash the apples, peel and cut them into small pieces. Now, bring the apples to medium heat with the water, adding the lemon juice and cinnamon sticks. Cover the pan and cook for 30 minutes, stirring occasionally. If you want a more uniform, lump-free consistency, wait for it to cool and use a mixer to beat the jam.

2. Roasted sweet potato chips

Ingredients:

  • 1 kg of sweet potatoes cut into sticks or sliced
  • Rosemary and thyme

Preparation method:

Spread the sticks on an oiled platter and sprinkle the herbs. Take to a preheated oven at 200º for 25 to 30 minutes. If you want a sweeter taste, replace the herbs with powdered cinnamon.

3. Starch biscuit

Ingredients:

  • 4 cups of sour sprinkles
  • 1 cup of milk
  • 1 cup of oil
  • 2 whole eggs
  • 1 col. coffee salt

Preparation mode:

Beat all ingredients in an electric mixer until uniform consistency is reached. Use a pastry bag or a plastic bag to make the cookies in circles. Place in medium preheated oven for 20 to 25 minutes.

4. Unsalted popcorn

Sprinkle herbs for flavor. Good options are oregano, thyme, chimi-churri or rosemary. 

5. Butter cookie

This recipe for butter cookies is good for kidney failure because it is low in protein, salt and potassium.

Ingredients:

  • 200 g unsalted butter
  • 1/2 cup sugar
  • 2 cups of wheat flour
  • lemon zest

Preparation method:

Mix all the ingredients in a bowl and knead until it is free from the hands and the bowl. If it takes too long, add a little more flour. Cut into small pieces and place in a medium-low oven, preheated, until lightly browned.

Each cookie has 15.4 mg of potassium, 0.5 mg of sodium and 16.3 mg of phosphorus. In renal failure, strict control of the intake of these minerals and proteins is important.

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