Foods rich in Vitamin A are mainly liver, egg yolk and fish oils. Vegetables such as carrots, spinach, mango and papaya are also good sources of this vitamin because they contain carotenoids, a substance that in the body will be transformed into vitamin A.
Vitamin A has functions such as maintaining the health of vision, skin, and hair, strengthening the immune system, and ensuring the proper functioning of Organs’ reproductive organs. Because it is an antioxidant, it is also important for preventing premature aging, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.
List of foods rich in vitamin A
The table below shows the amount of vitamin A present in 100 g of food:
|Foods rich in animal vitamin A||Vitamin A (mcg)|
|Cod liver oil||30000|
|Grilled cow liver||14200|
|Grilled chicken liver||4900|
|Butter with salt||565|
|Whole cow milk||56|
|Semi-skimmed natural yogurt||30|
|Foods rich in vitamin A of plant origin||Vitamin A (mcg)|
|Cooked sweet potatoes||2183|
Vitamin A can also be found in supplements such as fish liver oil, which can be used in cases of vitamin A deficiency, following medical or nutritionist guidance. Symptoms of lack of vitamin A can manifest with skin lesions, frequent infections and night blindness, which is the difficulty of adapting vision in places with low light. Normally the damage caused by the lack of vitamin A is reversible, and vitamin supplements should be taken to supply the deficiency, according to medical advice.
Recommended daily dose of vitamin A
Vitamin A needs vary according to the stage of life:
- Babies 0 to 6 months: 400 mcg / day
- Babies 6 to 12 months: 500 mcg / day
- Children from 1 to 3 years: 300 mcg / day
- Children aged 4 to 8 years: 400 mcg / day
- Boys from 9 to 13 years old: 600 mcg / day
- Girls from 9 to 13 years old: 600 mcg / day
- Men from 14 years old: 900 mcg / day
- Women from 14 years old: 700 mcg / day
- Pregnant women: 750 to 770 mcg / day
- Infants: 1200 to 1300 mcg / day
These values are the minimum amount of vitamin A that should be taken daily to maintain the proper functioning of the body.
A diversified diet is sufficient to achieve the recommended daily dose of vitamin A, so care must be taken when using vitamin supplements without medical or nutritionist guidance, as excess vitamin A also causes health damage. Some of the symptoms related to the excess of this vitamin are headaches, tiredness, blurred vision, drowsiness, nausea, loss of appetite, itching and flaking of the skin and hair loss.