This technique for bathing someone bedridden, with stroke sequelae, multiple sclerosis or after complex surgery, for example, helps to reduce the effort and work done by the caregiver, as well as to increase the patient’s comfort.
The bath should be given at least every 2 days, but the ideal is to keep the bath as often as the person took a shower before being bedridden.
To bathe the bed at home, without using a waterproof mattress, it is advisable to place a large open plastic bag under the bed sheet to avoid wetting the mattress. Then you must follow these steps:
- Place the person on their backs and carefully drag them to the side of the bed where they are going to bathe;
- Remove the pillow and blankets, but keep a sheet over the person to avoid colds and flu;
- Clean the eyes with a wet gauze or a clean, damp, soap-free cloth, starting from the inner corner of the eye to the outside;
- Wash your face and ears with a damp sponge, preventing water from getting into your eyes or in your ears;
- Dry your face and eyes with a dry, soft towel;
- Put liquid soap in the water, uncover the arms and belly and, using the sponge dipped in soap and water, wash the arms, starting with the hands towards the armpits, and then continue washing the chest and belly;
- Dry your arms and belly with the towel and then put the sheet back on top, leaving your legs bare this time;
- Wash your legs with a sponge soaked with soap and water, from the feet to the thighs;
- Dry the legs well with the towel, paying special attention to drying between the toes so as not to get ringworm;
- Wash the intimate area, starting from the front and moving back towards the anus. To wash the anus region, a tip is to turn the person on their side, taking the opportunity to fold the wet sheet towards the body, placing a dry one over the half of the bed that is free;
- Dry the intimate area well and, even with the person lying on its side, wash the back with the other damp and clean sponge so as not to contaminate the back with remains of feces and urine;
- Lay the person on the dry sheet and remove the rest of the wet sheet, stretching the dry sheet over the entire bed.
Finally, the person should be dressed in clothing appropriate to the temperature inside the room, so that he is not cold but also that he is not too hot.
If you have used plastic under the bed sheet to keep the mattress from getting wet, you should remove it at the same time and in the same way that you remove the wet sheet from the bath water.
Necessary material for bathing the bed
The material that must be separated before bathing includes:
- 1 Medium basin with warm water (approximately 3 L of water);
- 2 clean gauze for the eyes;
- 2 soft sponges, one is used only for the genital and anus;
- 1 large bath towel;
- 1 tablespoon of liquid soap to dilute in water;
- Clean and dry sheets;
- Clean clothes to wear after the shower.
An interesting alternative to facilitate bath time is to use a special bed for bathing, such as the Confort Care brand sanitizing stretcher , for example, which can be purchased at a medico-hospital equipment store for an average price of 15 thousand reais.
How to wash your hair in bed
In some two baths, to save time and work, you can also wash your hair. Washing your hair is an equally important task as bathing, but it can be done less times a week, 1 to 2 times, for example.
To do this technique, only one person is needed, however the ideal is that there is another person who can hold the person’s neck during washing, to facilitate the procedure and make the person more comfortable:
- Drag the person, lying on his back, towards the foot of the bed;
- Remove the pillow from the head and place it under the back, so that the head is tilted slightly backwards;
- Place a plastic under the person’s head to avoid wetting the mattress, and then place a towel over the plastic to make it more comfortable;
- Place a low container or plastic bag under the head;
- Slowly turn water over your hair with the help of a glass or cup. In this step it is important to use as little water as possible to avoid wetting the mattress, especially when using the bag;
- Shampoo your hair, massaging your scalp with your fingertips;
- Rinse the hair to remove the shampoo, using the cup or cup again;
- Remove the bag or container under the head and, with the towel, remove excess water from the hair;
After washing your hair, blow-dry it to prevent it from becoming damp. In addition, it is important to comb it to avoid being embarrassed, preferably using a soft bristle brush.
Since washing your hair can wet the bed sheets, a good tip is to wash your hair at the same time you shower the bed, avoiding changing the sheets more often than necessary.
Care after bathing
In the case of people who have bandages, it is important to avoid wetting the bandage so as not to infect the wound, however, if this happens, the bandage must be redone or else go to the health center.