One of the main tips to be able to control high blood pressure is to reduce your salt intake, since salt is rich in sodium, a mineral that, although essential for life, when consumed in excess causes an increase in blood pressure, increasing the risk of serious cardiovascular problems, such as stroke or heart attack.
In addition, it is still very important to maintain an adequate water intake, with about 2 liters per day, and to practice physical exercise for at least 30 minutes a day, being able to opt for lighter activities, such as walking or swimming, for example. example. Check out a complete list of exercises that help regulate blood pressure .
In the case of low blood pressure, it is not usually a matter of alarm, especially if the person already has a history of lower than normal blood pressure. However, if this low blood pressure suddenly arises, it is important to assess the cause with your doctor.
1. How to control high blood pressure
To control high blood pressure it is necessary to change some daily habits such as:
- Reduce the use of salt by replacing it with aromatic herbs. Here’s how to prepare a mixture of herbs ;
- Try to avoid stressful situations;
- Decrease body weight;
- Avoid smoking cigarettes;
- Avoid alcoholic beverages;
- Practice physical exercises, at least 30 minutes a day;
- Avoid consumption of fats and fried foods;
- Control blood cholesterol;
- Avoid drugs that increase blood pressure such as caffeine, antidepressants, corticosteroids, amphetamines, cocaine and others.
The cardiologist must be the specialist consulted to properly diagnose and treat high blood pressure, because although there is no cure, hypertension can be controlled, reducing the risk of cardiovascular problems.
In some cases, when these measures are not enough, the doctor may advise the use of antihypertensive remedies, which may have to be taken every day and for life as directed by a doctor.
How To Control Pressure In Pregnancy
To control the pressure in pregnancy, changes in lifestyle and diet are necessary, such as:
- Maintain weight according to the gestational period;
- Sleep at least 8 hours a day;
- Decrease salt intake;
- Walk regularly according to medical advice.
Pregnant women who already suffer from hypertension should be monitored and treated with the cardiologist during pregnancy so that it does not aggravate the hypertension and harm the baby’s health.
High blood pressure in pregnancy can also be called pre-eclampsia and is usually assessed in prenatal consultations by the obstetrician. Better understand what preeclampsia is .
2. How to control low pressure
To control a low blood pressure crisis, especially in people who have high blood pressure, you should:
- Lift slowly;
- Find an airy place;
- Lie down with legs elevated;
- Avoid crossing your legs when sitting;
- Avoid standing for a long time and avoid terrifying situations;
- Eat small, low-carb meals;
- Drink at least 2L of water per day;
- In some cases, increase salt intake following medical advice.
Low blood pressure can be related to serious diseases such as myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism or diabetes, especially if it appears suddenly, and, therefore, a medical consultation is indicated if these pressure drops are frequent. Check out the main causes of low blood pressure .
How to control pressure naturally
To control the pressure naturally there are some natural foods and herbs, which can be eaten during the day, and which include:
|Banana||Melon||Dark green vegetables||Oats|
|Passion fruit||Black bean||Watermelon||Guava|
Spices like parsley, pepper, fennel and rosemary, as well as garlic and flaxseed oil, can also be effective in lowering blood pressure. These foods naturally help in controlling pressure due to the vitamins and minerals found. See more about foods that help regulate blood pressure .