How to differentiate symptoms from high or low blood pressure

One way to differentiate between high blood pressure and low blood pressure symptoms is that, at low blood pressure, it is more common to feel weak and faint, while at high blood pressure it is more common to experience palpitations or a persistent headache. .

However, the most effective way to differentiate is to even measure blood pressure at home, using an electronic device, or at the pharmacy. Thus, according to the measurement value, it is possible to know what type of pressure it is:

  • High blood pressure : greater than 140 x 90 mmHg;
  • Low pressure : less than 90 x 60 mmHg.

Differences between high and low blood pressure

Other symptoms that can help distinguish high blood pressure from low blood pressure include:

High blood pressure symptomsLow blood pressure symptoms
Double or blurry visionBlurred vision
Ringing in the earsDry mouth
Neck painDrowsiness or feeling faint

So if you experience persistent headache, ringing in your ears, or heart palpitations, the pressure is probably high. Already, if you have weakness, feeling faint or dry mouth, it may be low blood pressure.

There are still cases of fainting sensation, but it is associated with a drop in blood sugar levels, which is easily confused with a drop in pressure. Here’s how to  differentiate low blood pressure from hypoglycemia .

What to do in case of high blood pressure

In case of high blood pressure, you should have a glass of orange juice and try to calm down, as the orange helps to regulate the pressure because it is diuretic and rich in potassium and magnesium. If you are taking any medication for high blood pressure prescribed by your doctor, you should take it.

If after 1 hour the pressure is still high, that is, above 140 x 90 mmHg, it is advisable to go to the hospital to take a medicine to lower the pressure, through the vein.

What to do in case of low blood pressure

In the case of low blood pressure, it is important to lie down in an airy place and keep your legs elevated, loosen your clothes and raise your legs, in order to increase blood circulation to the brain and regulate blood pressure.

When symptoms of low blood pressure have passed, the person may get up normally, however, he must rest and avoid making sudden movements.

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