Low testosterone in women can be noticed through the appearance of some signs, such as sexual disinterest, decreased muscle mass, weight gain and decreased feeling of well-being, and this situation is usually related to adrenal insufficiency and menopause.
In order to increase testosterone levels in women it is important that the doctor is consulted so that the cause of low testosterone is identified and the best form of treatment can be indicated, promoting a feeling of well-being.
In women, it is normal for circulating testosterone levels to be lower than for men, as this hormone is responsible for the secondary male characteristics. However, the circulation of ideal amounts of testosterone in women is important for maintaining various functions of the body. See which testosterone values are considered normal.
How to increase testosterone in women
Increasing the amount of testosterone in women should be done under medical advice and is usually recommended when the woman has a blood testosterone concentration equal to or less than 25 ng / dL. Thus, some options of testosterone-based remedies that can be indicated by the gynecologist are:
- Injectable testosterone , which can be found alone or combined with estrogens;
- Testosterone tablet , which can be manipulated or found in the conventional pharmacy. The safest dose is 1.25 mg to 2.5 mg daily;
- Adhesive testosterone: It was not approved by ANVISA and therefore is not sold in Brazil, however it provides 300 µg / day of testosterone and must be changed every 4 days;
- Testosterone gel or Androgel , which can be made in the handling containing 1% to 2% Testosterone Propionate to be applied to the woman’s intimate outer region. See how to use the androgel.
Testosterone-based drugs should only be used in the case of medical indication because they have side effects such as changes in cholesterol, liver poisoning, increased risk of heart attack and breast and ovarian cancer. Treatment should not be done for more than 6 months because the risks of prolonged use of testosterone in women are not known and during treatment it is important to have tests and be evaluated by the doctor on a regular basis.
It is possible to naturally increase testosterone in women by increasing the consumption of foods rich in zinc, vitamin A and D, such as nuts, sunflower seeds, eggs, sardines, spinach and fish oil, for example, and avoiding food consumption. rich in sugar and soy, as they can interfere with testosterone production.
In addition, it is important to avoid stress and invest in moments to relax and exercise. The ideal is to practice some physical exercise that you like at least twice a week for 1 hour, or daily for 30 minutes. Check out other tips to increase testosterone naturally.
Possible risks of supplementation
The use of testosterone by women is only indicated when recommended by the doctor, since its use in excess, unnecessarily and in a unregulated way can increase the risk of the development of breast and ovarian cancer, infarction, thrombosis and the development of resistance to insulin, for example, in addition to promoting the appearance of acne, leaving the skin more oily, altering the voice and promoting an increase in the clitoris.
In addition, testosterone can lead to the accumulation of fat in the abdominal region, which can favor the accumulation of fat between the organs, which increases the risk of heart problems and liver toxicity.
Due to the risks that indiscriminate testosterone supplementation may have, it is not recommended that testosterone be used by women to increase muscle mass.
How to know if testosterone is low
The decrease in the amount of testosterone in women can be noticed through some signs, the most characteristic of which are:
- Sexual disinterest;
- Reduction of well-being;
- Mood swings;
- Lack of motivation;
- Persistent fatigue;
- Decreased muscle mass;
- Weight gain;
- Accumulation of body fat;
- Lower bone mass.
The confirmation that testosterone is insufficient in women is made through a blood test, such as the measurement of free testosterone in the blood, for example. In addition, the doctor may indicate the dosage of SDHEA in cases of suspected adrenal androgenic insufficiency.
The decrease in testosterone concentration in women can happen due to several situations, the main ones being aging, sedentary lifestyle, inadequate nutrition, failure or removal of the ovaries, use of drugs with estrogens, anti-androgens, glucocorticoids, adrenal insufficiency, anorexia nervosa, arthritis rheumatoid, lupus and AIDS.
In addition, it is common for menopause to change hormonal levels, including testosterone levels, which also influences the characteristic signs and symptoms of menopause. Thus, in some cases, the gynecologist may recommend the use of testosterone-based drugs to relieve menopausal symptoms, especially when replacement with other hormones is not enough. Know how to recognize the symptoms of menopause.