Skin whitening should be done according to the dermatologist’s guidance and can be done with the use of home remedies such as rosehip oil, for example, or through aesthetic treatments such as peeling or pulsed light.
However, whichever method is chosen to lighten the skin, it is important to take some precautions such as avoiding being exposed to the sun for a long time and applying sunscreen every day.
Skin lightening treatments
There are several treatments to lighten the skin, with the dermatofunctional physiotherapist and the dermatologist the most suitable professional to recommend the best treatment. The main treatments to lighten the skin are:
1. Chemical peel
Chemical peeling is a type of aesthetic treatment that consists of using acids to burn the outer part of the skin that is damaged, making the skin cleaner, regenerated, clearer and without spots. Normally, 10 sessions are necessary to obtain the expected result, but more or less sessions may be necessary depending on the objective and the body area to be treated.
The most frequently used acid is glycolic acid, which is a type of acid derived from sugar cane that has exfoliating, moisturizing, whitening, anti acne and rejuvenating properties. The concentration of glycolic acid in the peeling varies according to the need and type of skin of each person, and may have a smoother or more intense effect.
Understand how chemical peeling is done and what precautions are taken.
2. Crystal peeling
Crystal peeling is a dermatological procedure that consists of using aluminum hydroxide to remove the outermost layer of the skin, stimulating the production of collagen, promoting rejuvenation and removing spots caused by the sun, acne or stretch marks. This procedure must be done in the dermatological office so that the doctor can check the intensity necessary to properly treat the problem.
Normally 3 sessions of crystal peeling are recommended once a week, however the number of sessions can vary according to the sensitivity of the person’s skin and the area to be treated.
3. Laser or pulsed light
The treatment with laser or pulsed light aims to remove spots caused by the sun or acne, in addition to promoting the removal of dark circles, the rejuvenation of the skin and the prolongation of epilation, for example. This type of treatment consists of the application of beams of light that act on the dark pigments present in the skin and are absorbed, giving the lighter aspect of the skin in the treated region.
Usually the sessions last about 30 minutes and happen with an interval of 4 weeks, however it can vary according to the region to be lightened and the person’s skin sensitivity.
4. Use of creams
The use of creams is important to keep the skin hydrated, but they can also reduce blemishes or prevent them from appearing. The creams are indicated by the dermatologist and can be purchased in pharmacies, and among the most indicated are Clariderm, Melani-D, Demelan, Retinoic Acid, Kojic Acid, Hydroquinone or Differin.
In addition, creams with vitamin C, such as Vitaderm’s Intensive Complex Vita C or Dermage’s Improve C 20, work to promote skin uniformity and, consequently, lighten it.
Learn how to get blemishes off your face.
To lighten your skin naturally, there are some homemade solutions such as:
- Natural yogurt: Yogurt contains lactic acid that helps to lighten the skin, in addition to keeping it hydrated. Just apply a little yogurt in the darkest region and let it act for 20 minutes, washing and moisturizing the skin next. This is an excellent home remedy to lighten brown or black skin, for example;
- Bepantol or Hipoglós : Contains vitamin A, which regenerates, lightens and moisturizes the skin. To lighten the skin, just apply a little bepantol or hypoglycans before bed, every day, letting it act during the night. Although they can be used on any type of skin, this homemade solution to lighten the skin with bepantol or hypoglós is great for lightening sunburned skin. See how to prepare homemade cream of hypoglycans and rosehip to lighten the skin;
- Rosehip oil: promotes skin regeneration, brightening and moisturizing the skin. Just apply the oil to your skin every day. Rosehip oil is great for whitening acne, pimples or stretch marks. Find out what are the properties of rosehip oil.
It is not recommended to lighten the skin of the face with hydrogen peroxide or lemon, as they can cause irritation or burns on the skin. However, hydrogen peroxide can be used to lighten hair.
Care during treatment
Some precautions to be taken during treatment to lighten the skin on the face or body are:
- Avoid prolonged sun exposure;
- Apply a sunscreen with SPF over 30, especially on the face, every day;
- Do not use deodorant or creams with alcohol;
- Prefer waxing or using laser instead of razor;
- Wear lighter clothes and less glued to the skin;
- Do not squeeze pimples or blackheads.
In addition, it is important to clean, tone and moisturize the skin daily, using specific products for the skin type, preferably indicated by the dermatologist.