The chance of effectively controlling type 1 diabetes without injections is getting closer and closer because a small patch is being created that can detect rising blood sugar levels, releasing small amounts of insulin into the blood to maintain blood glucose stable and controlled disease.
This patch is still being tested by scientists in the United States, but the technique could improve the lives of diabetics, who in many cases, need to take insulin injections several times a day.
Insulin, which is a hormone that helps control blood sugar, is applied through an injection that causes pain and, in many cases, is an inaccurate technique, increasing the chances of complications.
How the studies were done
The studies to develop the patch were carried out in rats with type 1 diabetes and according to the researchers there are great chances of success in humans, since humans are, in most cases, more sensitive to insulin than animals.
In addition, this patch can be customized depending on the diabetic’s weight and sensitivity to insulin.
How Smart Adhesive Works
The patch has several very small filaments, similar to small needles, that reach blood vessels, being able to detect blood sugar levels and release insulin according to the individual’s needs to regulate blood sugar levels.
This sticker is the size of a coin and you only need to stick it on the skin, being made of materials that are non-toxic. However, it is necessary to change the patch after about 9 hours, when the insulin runs out.
Advantages of insulin patch
The use of adhesive is a practical and comfortable technique, avoiding the various daily injections, which sometimes cause pain, swelling and bruising at the site of the bite.
In addition, it helps to prevent more serious complications of diabetes, such as fainting, blindness and loss of sensation in the feet, which can even lead to amputation, because it is possible to better control diabetes.
How diabetes is treated
The only effective treatment to control diabetes effectively is through the use of oral antidiabetics, such as metformin or, in the case of type 1 diabetes, by administering insulin injections several times a day, which can be applied to the arm, thigh or belly, through pen or syringe.
In addition, there are other innovative treatments, such as pancreatic islet transplantation, which are a group of cells responsible for producing insulin in the body or placing an artificial pancreas.