The foods most rich in iodine are those of marine origin such as mackerel or mussels, for example. But, there are other foods rich in iodine, such as iodized salt, milk and eggs. On the other hand, vegetables are generally low in iodine.
Iodine is important for the production of thyroid hormones, which are important in terms of growth and development, as well as the control of some metabolic processes in the organism. Iodine deficiency can cause a disease known as goiter, as well as a hormonal deficiency, which in the most severe cases can cause cretinism in the child. For this reason, it is essential to include iodine in the diet.
List of foods rich in iodine
Some examples of foods rich in iodine are in the table below, check out:
|Foods||Weight (g)||Iodine per serving ( µg)|
|Sardines with tomato sauce||100||64|
Some foods such as bamboo shoots, carrots, cauliflower, corn and cassava reduce the absorption of iodine by the body, so in the case of goiter or low iodine intake, these foods should be avoided.
In addition, there are also some nutritional supplements such as spirulina that can influence the thyroid gland, so if the person has thyroid-related disease it is recommended that you seek medical advice or a nutritionist’s before taking any type of supplement.
Iodine recommendations in the different stages of life are shown in the table:
|Up to 1 year||90 µg / day or 15 µg / kg / day|
|From 1 to 6 years||90 µg / day or 6 µg / kg / day|
|From 7 to 12 years||120 µg / day or 4 µg / kg / day|
|13 to 18 years||150µg / day or 2 µg / kg / day|
|Above 19 years||100 to 150 µg / day or 0.8 to 1.22 µg / kg / day|
|Pregnancy||200 a 250 µg/dia|
The function of iodine is to regulate the production of hormones by the thyroid. Iodine serves to keep the metabolic processes of growth and development of the brain and nervous system balanced, from the 15th week of gestation to 3 years of age.
In addition, iodine is responsible for regulating various metabolic processes, such as energy production and consumption of accumulated fat in the blood. Thus, it is believed that iodine may have an antioxidant action in the body, however further studies are needed to confirm this relationship.
Iodine deficiency in the body can cause goiter, in which there is an increase in the size of the thyroid, as the gland is forced to work harder to capture iodine and synthesize thyroid hormones. This situation can cause difficulty in swallowing, the appearance of lumps in the neck, shortness of breath and discomfort.
In addition, iodine fata can also cause disorders in the functioning of the thyroid, which can result in hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, conditions in which hormonal production is altered.
In the case of children, iodine deficiency can cause goiter, cognitive difficulties, hypothyroidism or cretinism, since neurological and brain development can be severely affected.
Excessive iodine consumption can cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, tachycardia, bluish lips and fingertips.