Nervous exhaustion is a situation characterized by an imbalance between the body and the mind, causing the person to feel overwhelmed, which results in excessive tiredness, difficulty in concentrating and intestinal changes, and it is important to identify the signs of nervous exhaustion for treatment is started.
Nervous breakdown is not recognized as a disease, however, it can be a sign of psychological disorder, such as anxiety, stress, and depression, and it is important to recognize it and start treatment with a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Thus, the main signs and symptoms of nervous breakdown are:
1. Difficulty concentrating
Excessive stress causes a greater effort for the brain to focus on performing a certain activity, which makes the brain more tired and difficulty concentrating.
2. Lack of memory
Lack of memory can happen when the person often feels exhausted and stressed, because chronic stress can cause changes related to memory, making it difficult to remember even simple information.
3. Increased appetite
Stress is also related to changes in hormone levels. In situations of chronic stress, there is an increase in the concentration of the hormone cortisol in the blood, which reaches the brain and acts in regions responsible for the production of substances that increase appetite, especially for foods rich in fat and carbohydrates.
4. Intestinal changes
Nervous exhaustion usually causes changes in bowel function, leading to abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation or excessive gas, for example.
5. Increased sensitivity to smells
When anxiety is at higher levels, olfactory receptors become more sensitive, which can make it difficult to tolerate even smells that were previously considered neutral.
6. Frequent feeling that something bad is going to happen
When the person is often stressed, there is a tendency to overestimate events and complicate actions, in addition to having the frequent feeling that something bad is going to happen.
7. Lack of concern for the image
Due to frequent stress, excessive worry and overvaluation of events, people who are in nervous exhaustion usually do not have enough energy to worry about their own image, and may often look tired.
In addition to these signs, physical symptoms such as irregular heartbeat, muscle pain, dizziness, persistent cough and constant headaches may also appear.
When to go to the doctor
Some of these symptoms can appear after a situation of excessive stress and disappear in a few hours, in which case it is not necessary to go to the doctor, it is only recommended to relax. However, when several symptoms appear or when the symptoms last more than 2 days, it may be recommended to consult a psychologist to identify the cause and initiate appropriate treatment.
In addition, it is recommended to go to the doctor when the symptoms of nervous breakdown interfere with the person’s quality of life and have health consequences.
How the treatment is done
Treatment for nervous breakdown must be done by a psychologist or psychiatrist and involves therapy sessions to identify the cause of the breakdown. Once the cause is identified, strategies for relaxing and relieving stress symptoms are indicated. In some cases, the psychiatrist may recommend the use of some medication so that the person can relax more easily. Check out some strategies to calm the mind.
During treatment for nervous exhaustion, preference should also be given to foods rich in tryptophan, such as Brazil nuts and avocados, because they release serotonin into the bloodstream, improving well-being.