Mumps is a highly contagious disease transmitted through the air, through droplets of saliva or streakers caused by the Paramyxovirus virus . Its main symptom is the swelling of the salivary glands, which generates an enlargement of the region located between the ear and the mandible.
Usually the disease progresses in a benign way, however in some cases, there may be complications that arise during or shortly after the mumps start to manifest. This can happen because the virus multiplies in the region of the mucosa of the nose and larynx, but it can reach the blood and spread throughout the body. central nervous system, testicles and ovaries. Thus, mumps complications can be:
1. Viral meningitis
It can occur because the mumps virus is attracted to the central nervous system, and therefore there can be inflammation of the meninges, which are a tissue that lines the entire nervous system: the marrow and the brain causing a severe headache. Usually this meningitis is benign and does not cause any major complications for the person. Find out how your treatment is done by clicking here .
It is an inflammation in the heart muscle that is usually only discovered through specific tests and is not serious, nor does it bring about major changes or complications.
When the person has swelling on only one side of the face, there may be deafness on this side, which may be temporary or permanent, and therefore if the person is with mumps and observes that he is having some difficulty hearing any sound, he should go back to the doctor. to see what can be done.
In some cases, in Mumps, Mumps can cause an inflammation known as Orchitis, which destroys the germinal epithelium of the testicles and which can cause infertility. Find out why this happens in Understand why mumps can cause infertility in humans . In women, this type of complications is more rare, but this disease can cause an inflammation in the ovaries known as Oophoritis .
Although it is rare, pancreatitis can occur after mumps and is characterized by the appearance of symptoms such as abdominal pain, chills, fever and persistent vomiting and therefore when observing these symptoms one should contact the doctor to start the treatment of pancreatitis .
When a woman gets mumps in the first trimester of pregnancy, she is at risk of losing the baby due to a miscarriage that occurs when the woman’s own body fights against the baby due to an error in the immune system. Therefore, all pregnant women, even if they have already had the vaccine against triple viral, are not close to people with mumps, always washing their hands and using alcohol gel after washing their hands.
How to treat mumps to avoid complications
The treatment for mumps is done in order to control the symptoms of the disease, because it is not necessary a very specific treatment to eliminate this virus. Thus, the doctor may recommend:
- Paracetamol to reduce pain and fever;
- Rest and hydration to heal faster;
- Pasty food to facilitate swallowing;
- Gargling with warm water and salt to relieve throat discomfort;
- Putting a cold compress on the face to reduce pain and discomfort on the face;
- Avoid acidic foods like orange, lemon, pineapple in addition to foods rich in salt because they stimulate the production of saliva, increasing pain.
As with dengue, the use of drugs that contain acetylsalicylic acid in their composition, such as Aspirin and Doril, is not recommended. See other names of drugs that should not be used by clicking here .
Mumps prevention is done by taking the tetraviral vaccine that protects against measles, mumps, rubella and chicken pox.