Depending on the objective, there are several types of plastic surgery that can be done on the breasts, being possible to increase, decrease, lift and even reconstruct them, in cases of breast removal due to breast cancer, for example. example.
Generally, this type of surgery is done on women, but it can also be performed on men, especially in cases of gynecomastia, which is when the breasts grow due to the excessive development of breast tissue in men. Find out more about male breast augmentation and how to treat it .
The mammoplasty should only be done after the age of 18, as it is only after this age that the breast is already developed, avoiding changes in the result. Surgery is usually done under general anesthesia and takes an average of 1 hour and the person is admitted to the clinic for about 2 days.
1. Augmentation mammoplasty
Plastic surgery to enlarge the breasts, known as breast augmentation, is done when you want to increase the size of the breast, especially when it is very small and causes a decrease in self-esteem, for example. In addition, there are women who, after breastfeeding, lose some breast volume and surgery can also be used in these cases.
In these cases, a silicone prosthesis is placed that increases the volume, and its size varies according to the body of each person and the woman’s desire, and can be placed over or below the breast muscle. Find out how breast augmentation surgery is done .
2. Reduction mammoplasty
Plastic surgery to decrease the size of the breast is done when the woman wants to decrease her size, due to disproportionality in relation to the body or when the weight of the breasts is the cause of constant back pain, for example. However, this type of surgery can also be adapted for men who have gynecomastia, allowing the elimination of excess breast tissue that grows in these cases.
In this surgery, excess fat and skin are removed, reaching a breast size proportional to the body. See when it is recommended to perform facial surgery .
3. Mastopexy to lift the breasts
The surgery performed to lift the breasts is known as breast lifting or mastopexy, and it is performed to give shape to the breast, especially when it is very drooping and flaccid, which occurs naturally from the age of 50, after breastfeeding or due to oscillations of Weight.
In this surgery, the surgeon lifts the breast, removing excess skin and compressing the tissue, and it is common to perform this surgery simultaneously with augmentation or reduction mammoplasty, according to the cases. Learn why doing a mastopexy can bring excellent results.
4. Breast reconstruction surgery
Breast reconstruction surgery is performed to completely change the shape, size and appearance of the breast and is done mainly after removal of part of the breast due to cancer.
However, only reconstruction of the nipple or areola can also be done, when it is large or asymmetrical and, it is common, also mammoplasty to make the breast more beautiful and natural.
Postoperative of plastic surgery on the breasts
Recovery takes an average of 2 weeks and, in the first few days, it is normal to experience some pain or discomfort in the region. However, to speed up recovery and avoid pain, it is advisable to take some precautions such as:
- Always sleep on your back ;
- Wear an elastic bandage or bra to support your breasts for at least 3 weeks;
- Avoid making too many movements with your arms , such as driving a car or exercising intensively, for 15 days;
- Take analgesic , anti-inflammatory and antibiotic medication according to the doctor’s instructions.
Especially in cases of breast reconstruction or reduction, the woman may have a drain after the surgery, which is a small tube that allows the removal of excess fluids that form, avoiding various types of complications. Normally, the drain is removed 1 to 2 two later.
The stitches, on the other hand, are usually removed between 3 days to 1 week, depending on the healing process, which is evaluated during the revision consultations with the surgeon.
Possible complications of surgery
After plastic surgery on the breasts, some complications may arise, but with little frequency, such as:
- Infection, with accumulation of pus;
- Hematoma, with accumulation of blood
- Breast pain and tenderness;
- Prosthesis rejection or rupture;
- Breast asymmetry;
- Bleeding or excessive stiffness in the chest.
When complications occur, it may be necessary to go to the block to correct the problem, however, only the surgeon is able to evaluate and inform the best way. Learn more about the possible risks of plastic surgery .