In order to live with pollen allergy, one should avoid opening windows and doors at home and not going to gardens or drying clothes outdoors, because the chances of having an allergic reaction are greater.
Pollen allergy is a very common type of respiratory allergy that manifests itself mainly in the spring causing symptoms such as dry cough, especially at night, itchy eyes, throat and nose, for example.
Pollen is a small substance that some trees and flowers disperse through the air, usually in the early morning, late afternoon and at times when the wind shakes the leaves of the trees fall and reach genetically predisposed people.
In these people, when pollen enters the airways, the body’s antibodies identify the pollen as an invading agent and react to its presence, generating symptoms such as redness in the eyes, itchy nose, and runny nose, for example.
Strategies to avoid allergic reactions
In order not to develop an allergic crisis, contact with pollen should be avoided, using strategies such as:
- Wear sunglasses to reduce your contact with the eyes;
- Leave the house and car windows closed early in the morning and late afternoon;
- Leave the coats and shoes at the entrance of the house;
- Avoid leaving your home windows open during the hours when pollens are released through the air;
- Avoid frequenting windy gardens or places;
- Do not dry clothes outdoors.
In some cases, it is necessary to take an antihistamine, such as desloratadine, in early spring to be able to fight the symptoms of allergy.
Pollen allergy symptoms
The main symptoms of pollen allergy include:
- Constant dry cough, especially at bedtime, which can cause shortness of breath;
- Dry throat;
- Redness of the eyes and nose;
- Dripping nose and watery eyes;
- Frequent sneezing;
- Itchy nose and eyes.
Symptoms can be present for about 3 months, making it uncomfortable and generally, anyone who is allergic to pollen is also allergic to animal hair and dust, so they should avoid their contact.
How to know if you are allergic to pollen
To find out if you are allergic to pollen you should go to the allergist who does specific tests to detect the allergy, which is usually performed directly on the skin. In addition, the doctor may recommend a blood test to assess the amount of IgG and IgE, for example.
See how the allergy test is performed to confirm your suspicion.